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Psychotherapists assist and treat healthcare users with varying degrees of psychological, psychosocial, or psychosomatic behavioural disorders and pathogenic conditions by means of psychotherapeutic methods. They promote personal development and well-being and provide advice on improving relationships, capabilities, and problem-solving techniques. They use science-based psychotherapeutic methods such as behavioural therapy, existential analysis and logotherapy, psychoanalysis or systemic family therapy in order to guide the patients in their development and help them search for appropriate solutions to their problems. Psychotherapists are not required to have academic degrees in psychology or a medical qualification in psychiatry. It is an independent occupation from psychology, psychiatry, and counselling.

Alternative Labels

neuro-linguistic psychotherapist


geriatric psychotherapist

psychotherapy practitioner

person-centred psychotherapist

humanistic psychotherapist

youth psychotherapist

systemic therapist

body psychotherapist


group psychotherapist

existential psychotherapist

reality therapy psychotherapist

transactional analytic psychotherapist

cognitive behavioural therapist

specialist psychotherapist

person-centered psychotherapist

integrative psychotherapist

positive psychotherapist

transpersonal psychotherapist

gestalt psychotherapist

psychodynamic psychotherapist

psychoanalytical psychotherapist

multi-modal psychotherapist

child psychotherapist

psycoterapy expert

practitioner of psychotherapy

expert psychotherapist

expert in psychotherapy

psychodrama psychotherapist

Regulatory Aspect

To see if and how this occupation is regulated in EU Member States, EEA countries or Switzerland please consult the Regulated Professions Database of the Commission. Regulated Professions Database:

Skills & Competences