Biolozi/biologinje, botaničari/botaničarke, zoolozi/zoologinje i srodni stručnjaci/stručnjakinje
Biologists, botanists, zoologists and related professionals study living organisms and their interactions with each other and with the environment, and apply this knowledge to solving human health and environmental problems. They work in diverse fields such as botany, zoology, ecology, marine biology, genetics, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, physiology, bacteriology and virology.
Tasks include -
(a) undertaking research in laboratories and in the field to increase scientific knowledge of living organisms, to discover new information, to test hypotheses, to solve problems in areas such as the environment, agriculture and health, and to develop new products, processes and techniques for pharmaceutical, agricultural and environmental use;
(b) designing and conducting experiments and tests;
(c) gathering human, animal, insect and plant specimens and data, and studying their origin, development, chemical and physical form, structure, composition, and life and reproductive processes;
(d) examining living organisms using a variety of specialized equipment, instruments, technologies and techniques such as electron microscopes, telemetry, global positioning systems, biotechnology, satellite imaging, genetic engineering, digital imaging analysis, polymerase chain reaction and computer modelling;
(e) identifying, classifying, recording and monitoring living organisms and maintaining databases;
(f) writing scientific papers and reports detailing research and any new findings which are then made available to the scientific community in scientific journals or at conferences for scrutiny and further debate;
(g) designing and carrying out environmental impact assessments to identify changes caused by natural or human factors;
(h) providing advice to governments, organizations and businesses in areas such as conservation, management of natural resources, and the effects of climate change and pollution.
Examples of the occupations classified here:
- Animal behaviourist
- Biomedical researcher
- Cell geneticist
- Marine biologist
- Molecular biologist
- Molecular geneticist
Some related occupations classified elsewhere:
- Ecologist - 2133
Medical research professionals who participate in biomedical research using living organisms and do not undertake clinical practice are classified in Unit Group 2131: Biologists, Botanists, Zoologists and Related Professionals. Those who also undertake clinical practice are classified in Minor Group 221: Medical Doctors.