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The European classification of Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO) is one concrete implementation of the digital labour market policies put in place by the Commission at European level.

ESCO is meant to be a reference language for employment and education, to create a shared understanding about skills, learning and occupations across borders and languages. It helps to connect people with jobs, education with employment and to analyse information on skills demand.


Through ESCO, the Commission focuses on:


  • ensuring transparency and comparability of skills and occupations in Europe;

  • strengthening mobility within the EU;

  • bridging the gap between education and training systems and the labour market; 

  • enhancing the cooperation of Public Employment Services (PES);

  • reinforcing skills intelligence in Europe through regular analysis of skills supply (skills possessed by the labour force), skills demand (skills demanded by employers), skills mismatch and skills development. This allows education and training systems to see more clearly what are the skills demanded by the labour market and how they could adapt their curricula to meet those needs. 


ESCO is therefore facilitating an interconnected, digital European labour market by supporting 3 main use cases:



  • job-matching and job searching;
  • career guidance and learning management;
  • research and big data analysis of the labour market.


How does ESCO support these use cases?