Health professionals conduct research,; improve or develop concepts, theories and operational methods; and apply scientific knowledge relating to medicine, nursing, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, and promotion of health. Competent performance in most occupations in this sub-major group requires skills at the fourth ISCO skill level.
Tasks performed by workers in this sub-major group usually include: conducting research and obtaining scientific knowledge through the study of human and animal disorders and illnesses and ways of treating them; advising on or applying preventive and curative measures, or promoting health; preparing scientific papers and reports. Supervision of other workers may be included.
Occupations in this sub-major group are classified into the following minor groups:
221 Medical Doctors
222 Nursing and Midwifery Professionals
223 Traditional and Complementary Medicine Professionals
224 Paramedical Practitioners
226 Other Health Professionals
In using ISCO in applications that seek to identify, describe or measure the health workforce, it should be noted that a number of professions considered to be a part of the health workforce are classified in groups other than Sub-major Group 22: Health Professionals. Such occupations include but are not restricted to: addictions counsellors, biomedical engineers, clinical psychologists and medical physicists.